Climate change, also known as global warming, mainly increases the average surface temperature on Earth. A huge scientific consensus maintains that climate change is basically Human fossils are due to the use of fuel, which emits carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases into the air. Gases are trapped inside the atmosphere, which has a very negative impact on the ecosystem, Including rising sea levels, severe weather events, and droughts that affect the landscape more wildly.
Climate change impacts include rising sea levels, regional changes in rainfall, more frequent weather events such as heat waves and desert expansions. The rise in surface temperatures is highest in the Arctic, which has contributed to the retreat of glaciers, Parma frosts and sea ice. In general, higher temperatures bring more rain and snow, but in some areas it has Instead, famine and forest fires increase. Climate change can reduce crop yields, damage food security, and increase sea level, flooding coastal infrastructure and forcing many coastal cities to abandon.
The environmental impacts of global warming are wide and far-reaching. These include impacts on oceans, snow and weather and can happen slowly or steadily.
Between 1993 and 2017, sea levels globally increased by an average of 3.1 ± 0.3 mm per year, with an acceleration detected. During the 21st Century, IPCC projects that at high emissions, the sea level could rise to 61-110 cm.
Climate change has caused the Arctic sea ice to shrink and thin for decades, causing it to suffer environmental degradation. Arctic sea ice reduction estimates are different, though snow-free. Summers are expected to be rare at 1.5 ° C, but they will increase ice albedo feedback once every three to ten years at a temperature level of 2.0 ° C. High environmental CO2 concentration dissolves. Is caused by an increase in CO2, which causes marine acidity.
Many regions have already seen the rise of hot spells and heat waves, and it is truly certain that these changes will continue into the 21st century. Since the 1950s, droughts and heatwaves have increased with increasing frequency. Times have appeared. Monsoon periods in India and East Asia have increased in wet or dry events. Various mechanisms have been identified that can explain extreme weather in the mid-latitude to high-warming Arctic, e.g. The jet stream is becoming more alien. More and more rain and wind speed increase from storms and storms. A possibility.
The effects of climate change on human systems, mostly due to changes in heat and rainfall, have been found all over the world. The future social impacts of climate change will be unequal throughout the world. Economic inequality has increased and is likely to do so in the future. The regional impacts of climate change are now visible in all continents and maritime regions. Are likely to be particularly affected by future climate changes. AH increases many risks.
On the other hand, measures have been taken to reduce the harmful effects of climate change. The United Nations works on climate change under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Which has close global membership. The ultimate purpose of the Convention is to “stop the dangerous interference of humanity with the climate system”.
With the help of the government, we can take some positive steps to mitigate the negative effects of climate change. As global consensus on climate change needs is strong and continues to grow.
We have the technology to provide clean, renewable energy to everyone on earth. And together, we can create a fossil-free future and give ourselves the best chance of surviving climate catastrophes. We can also prepare for the effects that climate change will have. And help mold people and nature into a warmth.